Firefighting is a job where you can make a real difference. From rescuing people to protecting the community to saving lives, firefighters risk their own lives for the good of everybody else.
The hours are long, the work is backbreaking, and the pay is low, but the rewards are many. Many firefighters choose the career out of a desire to serve their community.
Initial qualifications for firefighting are minimal: be at least 18 years old; have a high school diploma and driver’s license; and pass written, medical and physical tests. Meeting these requirements, a recruit is ready for training, which lasts many months and is ongoing the rest of one’s career.
“The basic firefighter will primarily do fire suppression, rescue work and some public education,” Maj. Bryce Brent of the Oklahoma City fire department said.
Other jobs include firefighting trainers, emergency medical technicians, fire prevention specialists, public educators, arson investigators, and administrators.
“We typically hire from within, so everybody has some experience fighting fires,” Brent said.Different career options
City, or structural, firefighters comprise one set of careers, but for those looking to get away from the city and into the forest, wildland firefighting might be a good choice.
Wildland firefighters typically do not suppress structural fires, and instead focus on suppressing and containing forest and grassland fires. As such, wildland firefighters do not wear the same kind of fire protecting gear that structural firefighters wear.
Students looking for more training in firefighting and natural resources might consider a program like Itasca Community College’s wildland firefighting program in Grand Rapids, Minn., which has one- and two-year degree options. Students who complete the program are well-prepared for a lifelong career of protecting the nation’s natural resources.
“It’s a wonderful job if you like being outside, working with your hands, and living in some of the most beautiful parts of the country,” Marty Christensen, an instructor at Itasca, said.Volunteers are common
In many places around the country full-time firefighting careers are hard to come by. That’s why many people who want to serve and protect their community become volunteer firefighters.
“Volunteers have to meet all the training requirements as regular firefighters,” said Keith Lenderman, assistant chief of the Troy, Mich., fire department. The department has over 180 volunteer firefighters and is one of the highest-rated fire departments in the country.
Volunteer firefighters can be called on any time of the day. The busiest station in Troy received 300 calls last year, while the least busy station received over 100 calls. Volunteer firefighters are required to respond to 50 percent of the calls, which might last five minutes to several hours.
Lt. Peter Hullinger, 36, became a volunteer firefighter at age 19, and only recently transitioned to full-time firefighting.
“It’s a very exciting career, and I’m doing things I never thought I’d do,” Hullinger said. “Every run gets in your memory. It’s very fulfilling to help people you know in your community.”
The life of a firefighter is tough, especially once one settles down with a family.
“When I’m home with my family and kids I try to make it quality time,” Hullinger said. “You never know when you will have to leave.”